You can leave out any parts that you don't have, like a DOI or the volume/edition.
Jump to more specific examples by using the table below:
|Book with DOI||E-Book or Audiobook from the Web, no DOI||Entire Edited Book|
|Book without DOI||Illustrated Children's Books||Specific Edition|
|Corporate Author or Organization||Chapter or Section||Specific Volume|
|Two to Twenty Authors||Reference Entry||Dissertation|
Use this format for print or ebooks with a DOI. Include the author's last name and then first and middle initial.
If you have no DOI, use this format, whether it's a print book or an ebook from an academic database.
Put the organization's full name in the author position. If the publisher is the same as the author, you don't need to repeat it.
List up to twenty authors in the order they are listed on the title page. Use the ampersand (&) rather than the word "and." If there are more than 20 authors, list the first 19 authors, then ..., then the last author.
If there are more than 20 authors, list the first 19 authors, then ..., then the last author.
In this example, Common Core is a proper name for the published set of standards, so it is capitalized. Add in the parentheses after the title, the edition, volume, unit, grade level designation, whatever is needed to identify what specifically you used.
At the end, include the DOI. If there is no DOI, include the ebook's URL address if it is a stable URL. Do not include URLs from subscription-only databases, as these are not usually stable URLs.
If you are citing a specific chapter or section of an edited book, list the author of that section first. Include information such as page numbers, edition and volume numbers after the title of the book.
Begin with the author of the entry, not the author or editor of the book.
Begin with the entry title.
Put the editor in the author position followed by (Ed.) or (Eds.).
Include edition in parentheses after the title. Cite the edition as it is printed on the title page (2nd ed., Rev. ed., 2019 ed., etc.)
Include the volume used in parentheses after the title.
After the title, include the publication number, format and school in square brackets.
Include the database name, but no URL since it is not accessible to the general public.
Include the archive name and the URL where it is accessible to the general public.