Examples in this guide are provided for footnote citations (N) and bibliography (B). Footnotes and bibliography format contain most of the same elements but are formatted slightly differently. For example, notes use paragraph (first line) indentation, and the bibliography entries use hanging indents. If you cite one source multiple times, you may use shortened notes for citations after the first one -- see directions here.
Jump to specific examples in the table below:
|Common Reference Works
|Less Well-Known Reference Works
|The Bible and Sacred Texts
Well-known reference works should be cited only in notes, unless they are critical to an argument or frequently cited. The note may omit facts of publication but should specify a particular edition if available. If consulted online, include a URL. If the work is arranged by key terms, cite the key term entry, not volumes or pages, preceded by s.v. (for sub verbo, “under the word”) or s.vv. (plural).