Wolfram, W., & Schilling-Estes, N. (2006). American English: Dialects and variation (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
Article or Chapter from an Edited Book:
Bernestein, C. (2006). Fading future for ferhoodled English (Pennsylvania German). In W. Wolfram & B. Ward (Eds.), American voices: How dialects differ from coast to coast (pp. 258-69). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
"Provide the home page of the online library (Google Books, EBSCO Ebooks, ProQuest Ebook Central, etc.) rather than the full URL. Books are easily available by search, and some sites require log-in credentials" (APA Style Guide to Electronic Resources, p. 17).
Example for a reference ebook entry found in Gale Virtual Reference Library:
The Amish. (2009). In T. Gall & J. Hobby (Eds.), Worldmark encyclopedia of cultures and daily life (Vol. 2, pp. 48-54). Retrieved from http://go.galegroup.com
Example for a chapter in an ebook found in EBook Central:
Algeo, J. (2008). The origins of Southern English. In K. King, & L. Fogle, & N. Schilling-Estes (Eds.), Sustaining linguistic diversity: Endangered and minority languages and language varieties (pp. 6-16). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Place article title in author position when there is no author listed. If the example above had no author listed, the citation would be:
Relativity. (1993). In The new encyclopaedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Burchfield, R. W. (Ed.). (2008). English in Britain and overseas: Origins and development (Vol. 5). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.
Example of an Online Reference Book:
Mann, K. (2008). French Americans. In R. Schaefer (Ed.), Encyclopedia of race, ethnicity, and society. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781412963879.n210
Journal Article - No DOI Assigned
The original article was located using an eBSCO database. Click here to see the original record. The URL is to the homepage of the journal - not the database link.
Anderson, V. M. (2013). A working description of Pennsylvania Dutchfied English and South Central Pennsylvania English. American Speech, 88, 19-42. Retrieved from https://www.dukeupress.edu/American-Speech/index.html
Journal Article - With DOI (original article)
Velleman, S. L., & Pearson, B. Z. (2010). Differentiating speech sound disorders from phonological dialect differences: Implications for assessment and intervention. Topics in Language Disorders, 30(3), 176-188. doi:10.1097/TLD.0b013e3181efc378
This post was originally found using ProQuest Newsstand. Links to freely available formats, when available, are preferrable to subscription database links, so in this example, a Google search for the original was performed.
Strauss, V. (2013, October 28). Five stereotypes about poor families and education [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/answer-sheet/wp/2013/10/28/five-stereotypes-about-poor-families-and-education/
Give the home page URL of the newspaper when the online version of the article is available on a free webpage, to avoid nonworking URL's. (APA Guide to Electronic Resources, 9, p 14)
This news article was originally found using Newspaper Source Plus (EBSCO) .
Weitzel, J. (2009, February 20). Going DUTCH: The rumors of the death of Pennsylvania German culture have been greatly exaggerated. Reading Eagle (PA). Retrieved from http://readingeagle.com/
Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Writer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [DVD]. United States: Paramount Pictures.
Streaming video (freely available, such as YouTube, TED Talks, etc.)
Slingshot fun [Video file]. (2007, January 29). Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCmZYce0J2E
Streaming video from a subscription source such as Netflix or Films on Demand
"If the content is behind a log-in screen or a paywall (e.g., Netflix), or if the content is easily available by search, provide the home page URL of the site to avoid nonworking URLs." The example below is from Films on Demand. APA Style Guide to Electronic References, p.25)
BBC (Producer). (2009). Why do we talk? The science of speech [Video File]. Retrieved from http://digital.films.com
Cran, W. (Director & Producer) & MacNeil, R. (Producer). (2005). Do you speak American? Out west [Video File]. Retrieved from http://digital.films.com
According to the APA Style Guide for Electronic Resources, "when citing an entire website or page, and not any document in particular on that website, it is sufficient to give the address of the site in the text (no reference list entry is needed)" (APA, 2006, p. 32)
However, your professor may prefer to see any websites used for assignments listed in a references page. In this case, use the following format:
A Specific Page on a Website:
Fought, C. (2005). American varieties: Talking with mi gente [Web page]. Do you speak American? Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/speak/seatosea/americanvarieties/chicano/
An Entire Website:
Department of English, West Virginia University. (2016). West Virginia Dialect Project. Retrieved from http://dialects.english.wvu.edu/
To review the class presentation, click here.
For tutorials with audio, watch the YouTube videos below:
Go to the source for accurate style information. Copies are available online, in Reference, and in the Main Collection. Stop at the Reference Desk for assistance.