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National History Day: Citing

Citing in MLA or Turabian Style

Cite everything you use for your National History Day project. MLA and Turabian citation styles are two of the acceptable styles that can be used for NHD projects. 

If you use an online formatters such as Bibme or EasyBib, remember that they are not foolproof. Review your citations to make sure they are correct.

Examples of MLA Citations

To cite a manuscript or typescript in MLA style use this order:

Author. Title or a description of the material (e.g., Notebook). Date of composition (at least the year; if year is unknown write N.d.). Form of the material (MS for a manuscript, TS for a typescript). Name and location of the library, research institution, or personal collection housing the material.

Manuscript Example:

James Manufacturing Company. Memo. 1928. MS. James Manufacturing Company Papers. Harold Andersen Lib., U. of Wisconsin, Whitewater. 

Photograph Example:

Hemsley, Thomas. Penny Picture Display. 1876. Photograph. Scrapbooks, 1961. Harold Andersen Lib., U. of Wisconsin, Whitewater.

Jackdaw Document:

Cite each document separately.

Thomas Jefferson to Meriwether Lewis, Instructions. June 20, 1803. Lewis & Clark Expedition, 1804-1806, Portfolio G-68, edited by James A. Crutchfield, Amawalk, Golden Owl Publishing, 1995.

Example of Item Found in Special Collections

Special Collection Civil War Narrative

Personal War Sketches of the Members of C. E. Curtice
Post No. 34 of Whitewater
from the Special Collections