As of August 2023, the following are the recommendations from the major citation styles for citing Artificial Intelligence tools such as ChatGPT. Since this technology is still under development, these recommendations are subject to change.
See the APA Style Blog for additional guidance.
Parenthetical citation: (OpenAI, 2023)
Narrative citation: OpenAI (2023)
The in-text citations and references above are adapted from the reference template for software in Section 10.10 of the Publication Manual (American Psychological Association, 2020, Chapter 10).
Examples in this guide are provided for footnote citations (N) and bibliography (B). If you cite one source multiple times, you may use shortened notes for citations after the first one -- see directions here.
N: Cite AI text only in footnotes. Include the name of the tool, the tool publisher, date the text was generated, and the tool URL.
N: Cite AI text only in footnotes. Include the name of the tool, the prompt, the tool publisher, date the text was generated, and the tool URL.
See the Chicago Manual of Style Q&A for additional guidance.