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Turabian Style

Multimedia

Examples in this guide are provided for footnote citations (N) and bibliography (B). Footnotes and bibliography format contain most of the same elements but are formatted slightly differently.  For example, notes use paragraph (first line) indentation, and the bibliography entries use hanging indents. If you cite one source multiple times, you may use shortened notes for citations after the first one -- see directions here.

Jump to specific examples in the table below: 

Movie & Video Radio & TV Sound Recording Interviews

 

Movie & Video

N: Include information about contributors such as writers, actors, and producers, if relevant to your discussion, in notes. Date may be the year a movie is released, or created, or otherwise made available. If sources are viewed online, end with a URL.

29 period Glory comma directed by Edward Zwick comma featuring Matthew Broderick comma Denzel Washington comma and Morgan Freeman parenthesis TriStar Pictures, 2007 parenthesis period

B: The bibliography entry may begin with the title or the director.

Glory period Directed by Edward Zwick period TriStar Pictures comma 2007 period

Online: 

If sources are viewed online, end with a URL.

N: 

30 period Rosie the Riveter colon Real Women Workers in World War II comma parenthesis Library of Congress comma 2003 parenthesis comma MP4 video comma <a href= “https://www.loc.gov/item/webcast-3350” </a> period

B: The bibliography entry may begin with the title or the director.

Rosie the Riveter colon Real Women Workers in World War II period Library of Congress comma 2003 period MP4 video period 14 min period comma 1 sec period  <a href= “https://www.loc.gov/item/webcast-3350” <a/> period


Radio or Television

Additional information, such as an episode number, may be included. 

N:

31 period quotation mark What It's Like To Be A Part Of The 'Vanishing Middle Class' comma quotation mark featuring Mat Johnson comma Fresh Air comma on NPR comma June 22 comma 2016 comma <a href= “https://www.npr.org/2016/06/22/482135775/what-its-like-to-be-a-part-of-the-vanishing-middle-class period” <a/> period

B: In the bibliography, radio and television programs are usually cited by the title of the program or series.

Fresh Air period quotation mark What It's Like To Be A Part Of The 'Vanishing Middle Class' period quotation mark  Featuring Mat Johnson period Aired June 22 comma 2016 comma on NPR period <a href= “https://www.npr.org/2016/06/22/482135775/what-its-like-to-be-a-part-of-the-vanishing-middle-class” <a/> period

 


Sound Recordings

List musical recordings under either the name of the composer or performer/conductor, depending on which is more important for your argument. If the source is accessed online, end with a URL. 

N:

32 period Igor Stravinsky comma The Rite of Spring semicolon Petrushka comma New York Philharmonic comma conducted by Leonard Bernstein comma recorded January 20 comma 1958 comma  and May 5 comma 1969 comma Sony Classical SMK 47629 comma 1993 comma CD period

B:

Stravinsky comma Igor period The Rite of Spring semicolon Petrushka period Conducted by Leonard Bernstein period Recorded with the New York Philharmonic comma January 20 comma 1958 comma and May 5 comma 1969 period Sony Classical SMK 47629 comma 1993 period CD period