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Turabian Style

Books

Examples in this guide are provided for footnote citations (N) and bibliography (B). Footnotes and bibliography format contain most of the same elements but are formatted slightly differently.  For example, notes use paragraph (first line) indentation, and the bibliography entries use hanging indents. If you cite one source multiple times, you may use shortened notes for citations after the first one -- see directions here.

Location is the city where the publisher’s main editorial offices are located. If more than one city is given, use the first.

Omit from publisher names an initial The and abbreviations such as Co., Inc., or Ltd.
 

Jump to specific examples in the table below: 

One Author More than Three Authors eBooks Translations / Editions 
Two-Three Authors Corporate / Organizational Author Chapter or Section of Book  Volumes

 

One Author

N: List author's names in standard order (first name first).

1 period G period J period Barker-Benfield comma Abigail and John Adams colon The Americanization of Sensibility  parenthesis Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 2010 parenthesis  comma 499 period

B: Include the author's surname and then first name and middle initial.

  Barker-Benfield comma G period J period Abigail and John Adams colon The Americanization of Sensibility period Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 2010 period

 


Two-Three Authors 

In the Bibliography, put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional author should follow and not be inverted. Use "and" rather than & or other formats to separate author names.

N:

2 period Donald R period Kinder and Allison Dale-Riddle comma The End of Race? Obama comma 2008 comma and Racial Politics in America  parenthesis New Haven comma CT colon Yale University Press comma 2012 parenthesis  comma 47 period

B:

  Kinder comma Donald R period comma and Allison Dale-Riddle period The End of Race? Obama comma 2008 comma and Racial Politics in America period New Haven comma CT colon Yale University Press comma 2012 period


More than Three Authors

If the work has more than three authors, list only the first author in the Note followed by et al.

N:

4 period Jay M period Bernstein et al period comma Art and Aesthetics after Adorno  parenthesis Berkeley colon Doreen B period Townsend Center for the Humanities comma 2010 parenthesis  comma 114-15 period

B:  The bibliography should contain all authors. Put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional authors should follow and not be inverted. Use "and" rather than & or other formats to separate author names.

Bernstein comma J period M period comma Claudia Brodsky comma Anthony J period Cascardi comma Thierry de Duve comma Ales Erjavec comma Robert Kaufman comma and Fred Rush period Art and Aesthetics After Adorno period Berkeley colon Doreen B period Townsend Center for the Humanities comma 2010 period

 


Corporate Author or Organization

N:

 5 period National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States comma The 9/11 Commission Report  parenthesis New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2004 parenthesis  comma 44 period

B:

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States period The 9/11 Commission Report period New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2004 period

 


eBooks

Electronic books are cited just like print books. Put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional author should follow and not be inverted. Separate names by commas except for the last and second to last author which are separated with an "and."

In addition, you will need to include information about the format you consulted the e-book. At the end, include a DOI. Turabian recommends that DOIs be formatted as such: https://doi.org/10.xxxx/xxxxx. But DOIs starting with http://dx.doi.org, or with just doi:10.xxxx/xxxxx, will also continue to work -- the https: simply makes it more secure and easier to be recognized as a functioning link.

If there is no DOI, include the â€‹ebook's URL address if it is a stable URL.

N:

6 period Janet M period Davis comma The Gospel of Kindness colon Animal Welfare and the Making of Modern America  parenthesis Oxford colon Oxford University Press comma 2016 parenthesis  comma 144-145 comma https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:050/9780199733156.001.0001 period

B:

Davis comma Janet M period The Gospel of Kindness colon Animal Welfare and the Making of Modern America period Oxford colon Oxford University Press comma 2016 period  https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:050/9780199733156.001.0001 period

 


Chapter or Section of a Book 

Include the title of the chapter/section of the book first and enclose in quotation marks. In a bibliography, provide the pages for the entire section. For notes, just reference the specific page(s) you are citing.

Single-author book:

N:

9 period Roxane Gay comma quotation mark The Careless Language of Sexual Violence comma quotation mark  in Bad Feminist  parenthesis New York colon Harper Perennial comma 2014 parenthesis  comma 130 period

B:

Gay comma Roxane period quotation mark The Careless Language of Sexual Violence period quotation mark  In Bad Feminist comma 128-136 period New York colon Harper Perennial comma 2014 period

Edited book:

N:

12 period Cameron Binkley comma quotation mark Saving Redwoods colon Clubwomen and Conservation comma 1900-1925 comma quotation mark  in California Women and Politics colon From the Gold Rush to the Great Depression comma ed period Robert W period Cherny comma May Ann Irwin comma and Ann Marie Wilson  parenthesis Lincoln colon University of Nebraska Press comma 2011 parenthesis  comma 155 period

B:

Binkley comma Cameron period quotation mark Saving Redwoods colon Clubwomen and Conservation comma 1900-1925 period quotation mark  In California Women and Politics colon From the Gold Rush to the Great Depression comma edited by Robert W period Cherny comma May Ann Irwin comma and Ann Marie Wilson comma 151-74 period Lincoln colon University of Nebraska Press comma 2011 period

 


Translations/Editions

Translated Book

N:

10 period Seamus Heaney comma trans period comma Beowulf colon A New Verse Translation  parenthesis New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2000 parenthesis  comma 55 period

B:

Heaney comma Seamus comma trans period Beowulf colon A New Verse Translation period New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2000 period

 

Edited Book

N:

 11 period Paul J period Bolt comma Damon V period Coletta comma and Collins G period Shackelford Jr period comma eds period comma American Defense Policy  parenthesis Baltimore colon Johns Hopkins University Press comma 2005 parenthesis  comma 157-158 period

B:

Bolt comma Paul J period comma Damon V period Coletta comma and Collins G period Shackelford Jr period comma eds period American Defense Policy period Baltimore colon Johns Hopkins University Press comma 2005 period

 

New & Revised Editions

N:

 12 period Douglas E period Foley comma Learning Capitalist Culture colon Deep in the Heart of Tejas comma 2nd ed period  parenthesis Philadelphia colon University of Pennsylvania Press comma 2010 parenthesis  comma 210-211 period

B:

Douglas E period Foley period Learning Capitalist Culture colon Deep in the Heart of Tejas period 2nd ed period Philadelphia colon University of Pennsylvania Press comma 2010 period

 

Both Author & Editor

N:

11 period Anne Frank comma The Diary of a Young Girl comma ed period Otto H period Frank and Mirjam Pressler comma trans period Susan Massoty  parenthesis New York colon Alfred A period Knopf comma 2010 parenthesis  comma 153 period

B:

Frank comma Anne period The Diary of a Young Girl period Edited by Otto H period Frank and Mirjam Pressler period Translated by Susan Massoty period New York colon Alfred A period Knopf comma 2010 period

 


Book with Volume

Volumes with individual titles:

When citing an individual title in a multivolume work, list the title of the work as a whole, followed by the volume number and title of the specific volume.

N:

13 period Hamid Naficy comma A Social History of Iranian Cinema comma vol period 4 comma The Globalizing Era comma 1984-2010  parenthesis Durham comma NC colon Duke University Press comma 2012 parenthesis  comma 44 period

B:

Naficy comma Hamid period A Social History of Iranian Cinema period Vol period 4 comma The Globalizing Era comma 1984-2010 period Durham comma NC colon  Duke University Press comma 2012 period

Volumes without individual titles:

N:

14 period Muriel St period Clare Byrne comma ed period comma The Lisle Letters  parenthesis Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 1981 parenthesis  comma 4 colon 243 period

B:

Byrne comma Muriel St period Clare comma ed period The Lisle Letters period  Vols period 1 and 4 period Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 1981 period

Multi-volume set:

B:

Tillich comma Paul period Systematic Theology period 3 vols period Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 1951-63 period