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Turabian Style

Books

Examples in this guide are provided for footnote citations (N) and bibliography (B). Footnotes and bibliography format contain most of the same elements but are formatted slightly differently.  For example, notes use paragraph (first line) indentation, and the bibliography entries use hanging indents. If you cite one source multiple times, you may use shortened notes for citations after the first one -- see directions here.

Jump to specific examples in the table below: 

One Author Corporate / Organizational Author Chapter or Section of Book  Book with Edition Dissertation
Two-Three Authors eBooks Translated Book  Book with Volumes Reference Works
More than Three Authors

 

One Author

N: List author's names in standard order (first name first).

1 period G period J period Barker-Benfield comma Abigail and John Adams colon The Americanization of Sensibility parenthesis Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 2010 parenthesis comma 499 period

B: Include the author's surname and then first name and middle initial.

Barker-Benfield comma G period J period Abigail and John Adams colon The Americanization of Sensibility period Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 2010 period

 


Two-Three Authors 

Put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional author should follow and not be inverted. Use "and" rather than & or other formats to separate author names.

N:

2 period Donald R period Kinder and Allison Dale-Riddle comma The End of Race question mark Obama comma 2008 comma and Racial Politics in America parenthesis New Haven comma CT colon Yale University Press comma 2012 parenthesis comma 47 period

B:

Kinder comma Donald R period comma and Allison Dale-Riddle period The End of Race question mark Obama comma 2008 comma and Racial Politics in America period New Haven comma CT colon Yale University Press comma 2012 period


More than Three Authors

Put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional author should follow and not be inverted. Use "and" rather than & or other formats to separate author names.

N:

Jay M period Bernstein et al period comma Art and Aesthetics after Adorno  parenthesis Berkeley colon Doreen B period Townsend Center for the Humanities comma 2010 parenthesis 114-15 period

B:

 

 


Corporate Author or Organization

N:

5 period National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States comma The 9/11 Commission Report parenthesis New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2004 parenthesis comma 44 period

B:

National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States period The 9/11 Commission Report period New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2004 period

 


eBooks

Electronic books are cited just like print books. Put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional author should follow and not be inverted. Separate names by commas except for the last and second to last author which are separated with an "and."

In addition, you will need to include information about the format you consulted the e-book. At the end, include a DOI. Turabian recommends that DOIs be formatted as such: https://doi.org/10.xxxx/xxxxx. But DOIs starting with http://dx.doi.org, or with just doi:10.xxxx/xxxxx, will also continue to work -- the https: simply makes it more secure and easier to be recognized as a functioning link.

If there is no DOI, include the ​ebook's URL address if it is a stable URL.

General example: 

N:

6 period Janet M period Davis comma The Gospel of Kindness colon Animal Welfare and the Making of Modern America parenthesis Oxford colon Oxford University Press comma 2016 parenthesis comma 144-145 comma <a href= “https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:050/9780199733156.001.0001” </a> period

B:

Davis comma Janet M period The Gospel of Kindness colon Animal Welfare and the Making of Modern America period Oxford colon Oxford University Press comma 2016 period <a href= “https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:050/9780199733156.001.0001” </a> period

From a Database:

At the end of your citation, include the name of the commercial database you consulted the book. If you have included the DOI (as above), do not include the name.

N:

7 period Eric Schlosser comma Fast Food Nation colon The Dark Side of the American Meal  parenthesis Boston colon Houghton Mifflin comma 2001 parenthesis comma 88 comma ProQuest Ebrary period

B:

Schlosser comma Eric period Fast Food Nation colon The Dark side of the American Meal period Boston colon Houghton Mifflin comma 2001 period Proquest Ebrary period

 

Downloaded on a Kindle, iPad, etc.:

After the publication information, include the type of e-reader device or app that you used to access the book.

N:

8 period Harper Lee comma Go Set a Watchman parenthesis New York colon Harper comma 2015 parenthesis comma chap period 19 comma iBooks period

B:

Lee comma Harper period Go Set a Watchman period New York colon Harper comma 2015 period iBooks period


Chapter or Section of a Book 

If you are citing a specific chapter or section of an edited book, list the author of the section first. Include information such as page numbers, edition and volume numbers after the title of the book. 

Single-author book:

N:

9 period Roxane Gay comma quotation mark The Careless Language of Sexual Violence comma quotation mark in Bad Feminist  parenthesis New York colon Harper Perennial comma 2014 parenthesis comma 130 period

B:

Gay comma Roxane period quotation mark The Careless Language of Sexual Violence period quotation mark In Bad Feminist comma 128 hyphen 136 period New York colon Harper Perennial comma 2014 period

Multiple-author book:

N:

12 period Cameron Binkley comma quotation mark Saving Redwoods colon Clubwomen and Conservation comma 1900 hyphen 1925 comma quotation mark in California Women and Politics colon  From the Gold Rush to the Great Depression comma ed period Robert W period Cherny comma May Ann Irwin comma and Ann Marie Wilson parenthesis Lincoln colon University of Nebraska Press comma 2011 parenthesis comma 155 period

B:

Binkley comma Cameron period quotation mark Saving Redwoods colon Clubwomen and Conservation comma 1900 hyphen 1925 period quotation mark In California Women and Politics colon From the Gold Rush to the Great Depression comma edited by Robert W period  Cherny comma May Ann Irwin comma and Ann Marie Wilson comma 151 hyphen 74 period  Lincoln colon University of Nebraska Press comma 2011 period


Entire Translated Book

N:

10 period Seamus Heaney comma trans period comma Beowulf colon A New Verse Translation parenthesis New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2000 parenthesis comma 55 period

B:

Heaney comma Seamus comma trans period Beowulf colon A New Verse Translation period New York colon W period W period Norton comma 2000 period

 


Book with Edition

N:

11 period Paul J period Bolt comma Damon V period Coletta comma and Collins G period  Shackelford Jr period  comma eds period comma American Defense Policy comma 8th ed period  parenthesis Baltimore colon Johns Hopkins University Press comma 2005 parenthesis comma 157 hyphen 158 period

B:

Bolt comma Paul J period comma Damon V period Coletta comma and Collins G period  Shackelford Jr period comma eds period American Defense Policy period 8th ed period Baltimore colon Johns Hopkins University Press comma 2005 period

 


Book with Volume

Volumes with individual titles:

N:

13 period Hamid Naficy comma A Social History of Iranian Cinema comma vol period 4 comma The Globalizing Era comma 1984 hyphen 2010 parenthesis Durham comma NC colon Duke University Press comma 2012 parenthesis comma 44 period

B:

Naficy comma Hamid period A Social History of Iranian Cinema period Vol period 4 comma The Globalizing Era comma 1984 hyphen 2010 period Durham comma NC colon Duke University Press comma 2012 period

Volumes without individual titles:

N:

14 period Muriel St period Clare Byrne comma ed period comma The Lisle Letters parenthesis Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 1981 parenthesis comma 4 colon 243 period

B:

Byrne comma Muriel St period Clare comma ed period The Lisle Letters period Vols period 1 and 4 period Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 1981 period

One title, multi-volume set:

B:

Tillich comma Paul period Systematic Theoogy period 3 vols period Chicago colon University of Chicago Press comma 1951 hyphen 63 period

 


Dissertation

If it is published, cite it just like a normal book.

Unpublished: 

N:

15 period Guadalupe Navarro-Garcia comma quotation mark Integrating Social Justice Values in Educational Leadership colon A Study of African American and Black University Presidents quotation mark parenthesis PhD diss period comma University of California comma Los Angeles comma 2016 parenthesis comma 44 comma ProQuest Dissertations ampersand Theses Global period

B:

Navarro-Garcia comma Guadalupe period quotation mark Integrating Social Justice Values in Educational Leadership colon A Study of African American and Black University Presidents period quotation mark PhD diss period comma University of California comma Los Angeles comma 2016 period ProQuest Dissertations ampersand Theses Global period


Reference Works

Commonly known: 

N:

16 period Oxford English Dictionary comma s period v period quotation mark ROFL comma quotation mark accessed March 9 comma 2017 comma  <a href= “http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/156942#eid1211161030” </a> period

B:

 

Less commonly known: 

N:

17 period S period J period Connolly comma ed period comma The Oxford Companion to Irish History comma 2nd ed period comma s period v period quotation mark Houghers quotation mark parenthesis New York colon Oxford University Press comma 2002 parenthesis period

B:

Connolly comma S period J period comma ed period The Oxford Companion to Irish History comma 2nd ed period comma s period v period quotation mark Houghers period quotation mark New York colon Oxford University Press comma 2002 period