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Turabian Style

Articles

Examples in this guide are provided for footnote citations (N) and bibliography (B). Footnotes and bibliography format contain most of the same elements but are formatted slightly differently.  For example, notes use paragraph (first line) indentation, and the bibliography entries use hanging indents. If you cite one source multiple times, you may use shortened notes for citations after the first one -- see directions here.

Jump to specific examples in the table below: 

Journal Article, Online Magazine Article, Print Newspaper Article

 

Journal Article, Online

Omit an initial The from the titles of journals, magazines, and English-language newspapers.

When articles are consulted online, end with the name of a database or URL. If earlier-style DOIs are on the articles (e.g., doi:10.1086/429704), create the URL by appending it to https://doi.org/ (e.g., https://doi.org/10.1086/429704).

N: List author's name in standard order (first name first).

21 period Tim Hitchcock comma quotation mark Begging on the Streets of Eighteenth hyphen Century London comma quotation mark  Journal of British Studies 44 comma no period 3  parenthesis July 2005 parenthesis colon 478 hyphen 498 comma <a href= “https://doi.org/10.1086/429704” </a> period

B: Include the author's surname and then first name and middle initial.

Hitchcock comma Tim period quotation mark Begging on the Streets of Eighteenth hyphen Century London period quotation mark Journal of British Studies 44 comma no period 3 parenthesis July 2005 parenthesis colon 478 hyphen 498 comma  <a href= “https://doi.org/10.1086/429704” </a> period

 


Magazine Article, Print 

Put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional author should follow and not be inverted. Use "and" rather than & or other formats to separate author names.

N:

22 period Jill Lepore comma quotation mark The Woman Card comma quotation mark New Yorker comma June 27 comma 2016 comma 23 period

B:

Lepore comma Jill period  quotation mark The Woman Card period quotation mark New Yorker comma June 27 comma 2016 period


Newspaper Article

In most cases, newspaper articles are cited in notes but not bibliographies, unless they are critical to an argument or frequently cited. Page numbers are omitted. Articles read online should include a URL, or the name of the commercial database used.

When the name of a local newspaper does not include the name of the city it may be added to the official title, and you also may add the state or province in parentheses. For foreign newspapers, give the name of the city (or for national-level papers, the country) in parentheses after the title. For example, Saint Paul (Alberta or AB) Journal; Times (UK).

From a database:

N:

23 period Mark Lepage comma quotation mark Armageddon comma Apocalypse comma the Rapture colon People Have Been Predicting the End since the Beginning comma quotation mark  Gazette  parenthesis Montreal parenthesis comma May 21 comma 2011 comma Nexis Uni period

B:

Lepage comma Mark period quotation mark Armageddon comma Apocalypse comma the Rapture colon People Have Been Predicting the End since the Beginning period quotation mark Gazette parenthesis Montreal parenthesis comma May 21 comma 2011 period Nexis Uni period

From microform, and with no author:

N:

24 period quotation mark State Normal School comma quotation mark Milwaukee Daily News comma April 4 comma 1868 period Microfilm period

B:

quotation mark State Normal School period quotation mark Milwaukee Daily News comma  April 4 comma 1868 period Microfilm period