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Turabian Style

Articles

Examples in this guide are provided for footnote citations (N) and bibliography (B). Footnotes and bibliography format contain most of the same elements but are formatted slightly differently.  For example, notes use paragraph (first line) indentation, and the bibliography entries use hanging indents. If you cite one source multiple times, you may use shortened notes for citations after the first one -- see directions here.

Jump to specific examples in the table below: 

Journal Articles Magazine Articles Newspaper Articles

 

Journal Articles 

Omit an initial The from the titles of journals, magazines, and English-language newspapers.

Turabian requires citations include a DOI or URL at the end of a the citation for articles accessed in an online database.  However, most of your professors prefer a citation without any DOI or URL.  If you have questions, please consult your professor.

N: List author's name in standard order (first name first).

21 period Tim Hitchcock comma quotation mark Begging on the Streets of Eighteenth-Century London comma quotation mark  Journal of British Studies 44 comma no period 3  parenthesis July 2005 parenthesis  colon 478 period

B: Include the author's surname and then first name and middle initial.

Hitchcock comma Tim period quotation mark Begging on the Streets of Eighteenth-Century London period  quotation mark  Journal of British Studies 44 comma no period 3  parenthesis July 2005 parenthesis  colon 478-498 period

 

 


Magazine Articles 

Put the first-listed author's name in inverted order (last name first). Names of any additional author should follow and not be inverted. Use "and" rather than & or other formats to separate author names.

N:

22 period Jill Lepore comma  quotation mark The Woman Card comma quotation mark  New Yorker comma June 27 comma 2016 comma 23 period

B:

Lepore comma Jill period  quotation mark The Woman Card period  quotation mark  New Yorker comma June 27 comma 2016 period

 

 


Newspaper Articles

When the name of a local newspaper does not include the name of the city it may be added to the official title, and you also may add the state or province in parentheses. For foreign newspapers, give the name of the city (or for national-level papers, the country) in parentheses after the title. For example, Saint Paul (Alberta or AB) Journal; Times (UK).

From a database:

N:

23 period Mark Lepage comma  quotation mark Armageddon comma Apocalypse comma the Rapture colon People Have Been Predicting the End since the Beginning comma quotation mark  Gazette  parenthesis Montreal parenthesis  comma May 21 comma 2011 period

B:

Lepage comma Mark period  quotation mark Armageddon comma Apocalypse comma the Rapture colon People Have Been Predicting the End since the Beginning period  quotation mark  Gazette  parenthesis Montreal parenthesis  comma May 21 comma 2011 period

No author:

N:

24 period  quotation mark State Normal School comma quotation mark  Milwaukee Daily News comma April 4 comma 1868 period

B:

quotation mark State Normal School period  quotation mark  Milwaukee Daily News comma April 4 comma 1868 period