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Safety 375: Patient Safety: When to Cite?

This is a guide to assist students in SFTY 375: Quality Improvement & Patient Safety class.

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the act of using another person's words or ideas as your own. 


It can happen deliberately, if you: 

  • Borrow a sentence or a section from another source -- even if it's put into your own words -- and do not cite it.
  • Download a paper off the internet. 
  • Re-submit a friend or roommate's paper as your own, even if you make a few edits to it. 

Or accidentally, if you: 

  • Fail to cite a paraphrase, or cite it with incorrect formatting (e.g., missing a page number or a year).
  • Cite a paraphrase, but it's too close to the original.

But no matter how it happens, plagiarism has serious consequences. Review the examples below to be able to recognize it.


Then use UWW's Reference Examples page to help you create your References list, and the In-Text Citation page to help you create those.

Plagiarism Examples

Consider this example quote: 

cover image of the book, Dog Sense by John Bradshaw

 

 

 

"Traditionally, mankind has exploited the dog’s nose in locating food, from the tracking of game to the detection of delicacies such as truffles. More recently, dogs’ keen sense of smell has been used to detect various types of cancer (melanomas as well as ovarian and bladder tumors) and impending epileptic seizures in humans."

 

The quote comes from pages 233-234 of this book --> 

 

 

 

 

 

 


What do you think about using a quote like this in your paper?

Example: Let's fix it: 

While it’s long been known that dogs’ noses are highly sensitive, only recently have medical researchers found they are even useful to “detect various types of cancer…and impending epileptic seizures in humans.”

While it’s long been known that dogs’ noses are highly sensitive, only recently have medical researchers found they are even useful to “detect various types of cancer…and impending epileptic seizures in humans” (Bradshaw, 2011, pp. 233-234).

This is plagiarism!

You didn't use the in-text citation after a quote.

Good!     green check mark

 

How about when you paraphrase? 

Example: Let's fix it: 
In the past, people have used the dog’s nose in locating food, from tracking animals to detecting delicacies such as truffles. In modern times, dogs’ good sense of smell has been used to find various types of cancer and detect impending epileptic seizures in humans (Bradshaw, 2011).

Here's a better paraphrase: 

People have used dogs’ amazingly sensitive noses to help them find everything from game animals to truffles. Bradshaw reports that dogs have even been used in the medical field to sense things such as cancer and epileptic seizures (2011).

This is plagiarism! (and poor writing, besides)

You paraphrased and included a citation, but your words in many places are almost identical to the original quotes. You need to change more of the structure of the entire sentence. 

You could also use a direct quote instead:

Dogs’ amazingly sensitive noses can sense everything from game animals to truffles, from cancerous tumors to impending epileptic seizures in humans (Bradshaw, 2011, pp. 233-234).

 
Good!       green check mark