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This guide serves as your resource for finding information about how to properly cite research utilizing the various citation styles.
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The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University provides a wealth of information regarding the writing process, including properly incorporating the research of others into one's own work. The site also features a complete listing of resources for documenting sources in various disciplines beyond what we have through our website.
The American Psychological Association (APA) Style is used predominantly by fields in the social sciences. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association governs formatting for the entire work, and the most current edition, the sixth, is available at the Reference Desk. While the Library's handout covers many citation examples of frequently-used source materials, the Manual contains many more.
The Modern Languages Association (MLA) Style is used predominantly in the humanities. The MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing and the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers provide guidance on the formatting of the entire paper. The most current editions of the two titles are kept at the Reference Desk. While the Library's handout covers many citation examples of frequently-used source materials, the two books contains many more.
Turabian Style is used predominantly in history. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations dictates the formatting of the entire paper. The most current edition is kept at the Reference Desk. While the Library's handout covers many citation examples of frequently-used source materials, the Manual contains many more.
APA, MLA and Turabian are not the only citation styles out there. Below are several others with handy guides for formatting citations.
- American Sociological Association (ASA) Style
Citing References: ASA Style (DOC) & ASA Style (PDF)
- American Anthropological Association (AAA) Style
AAA Style Guide (PDF) (by the American Anthropological Association)
- Chicago Manual of Style
The Chicago Manual of Style has two systems of documentation: the notes-bibliography system, and the author-date system. Confirm with your professor which system you should use.
Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide (by the University of Chicago) - contains examples of both the notes-bibliography and author-date systems;
Purdue Online Writing Lab: Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (Purdue University) - focuses mainly on the notes-bibliography system